Интересные факты о шахматах

Президентом Международной шахматной федерации FIDE является Кирсан Илюмжинов, долгое время бывший главой Республики Калмыкия. По его мнению, шахматы были изобретены инопланетянами и подарены жителям Земли. Также Илюмжинов неоднократно заявлял в интервью, что в 1997 году пришельцы похищали его на два дня на свой корабль…

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Первым спортсменом в новейшей истории, кто стал выступать под бело-сине-красным флагом, стал Гарри Каспаров. Причём сделал это, когда СССР ещё не распался — в 1990 году в матче за звание чемпиона мира по шахматам против Карпова. В первых матчах у Карпова на столе стоял обычный советский флаг, у Каспарова — триколор. Потом делегация Карпова заявила протест, и с пятого матча оба флага были убраны.

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Венгерский педагог Ласло Полгар ещё в студенческом возрасте вознамерился вырастить детей-гениев и даже жену — учительницу иностранных языков из Украины по имени Клара — выбрал, согласовав с ней эти цели. Проанализировав биографии многих выдающихся людей, Полгар пришёл к выводу, что любого здорового ребёнка можно сделать гением, если обучать его с младенчества методично и интенсивно. Ласло и Клара родили трёх дочерей и решили посвятить их жизнь шахматам, так как успехи в этой игре можно всегда объективно оценить. Чтобы как можно сильнее сконцентрироваться на шахматах, родители вытребовали от венгерского правительства разрешение на домашнее обучение девочек. Все трое добились больших успехов: София стала гроссмейстером среди женщин, а Жужа и Юдит — гроссмейстерами среди мужчин и одними из сильнейших шахматисток в истории.

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Анализ более двух миллионов шахматных партий, сыгранных на турнирах мастеров, выявил, что наибольшие шансы на выживание после королей имеют крайние пешки h2 и h7 — они остаются на поле более чем в 70% игр. За ними в рейтинге выживаемости следуют ещё 8 пешек линий a, b, f и g. И только за ними в этом списке находятся фигуры — четыре ладьи.

281 thoughts on “Интересные факты о шахматах

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