Интересные факты о шахматах

В 1912 году, задолго до появления прообразов современных компьютеров, испанский инженер Леонардо Торрес-и-Кеведо сконструировал электромеханический автомат «El Ajedrecista», который считается первой в истории компьютерной игрой. Устройство представляло собой шахматную доску с передвигаемыми машиной с помощью электромагнитов королём и ладьёй, а также королём другого цвета, которого перемещал человек. Автомат, пусть и не за минимальное количество ходов, гарантированно завершал этот шахматный эндшпиль матом оппоненту.

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В 2003 году появился новый вид спорта под названием шахбокс — гибрид шахмат и бокса. Спортсмены выясняют отношения попеременно в 11 раундах: нечётные — за шахматным столом, чётные — на ринге. Побеждает тот, кто либо добился нокаута в боксёрских раундах, либо поставил мат в партии. Бойцы, как и в боксе, разделяются по весовым категориям, а международная ассоциация регулярно проводит отборочные турниры и бои за звание чемпиона мира.

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В повести братьев Стругацких «Полдень, XXII век» упоминается система Каспаро-Карпова — метод, который использовали для снятия «копии» мозга и построении его математической модели. Повесть была опубликована в 1962 году — Анатолию Карпову тогда было только 11 лет, а Гарри Каспаров ещё не родился.

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Известно много притч о том, как один человек предлагает другому расплатиться с ним за некоторую услугу следующим образом: на первую клетку шахматной доски тот положит одно рисовое зёрнышко, на вторую — два и так далее: на каждую следующую клетку вдвое больше, чем на предыдущую. В результате тот, кто расплачивается таким образом, непременно разоряется. Это неудивительно: подсчитано, что общий вес риса составит более 460 миллиардов тонн.

319 thoughts on “Интересные факты о шахматах

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