Шахматные истории

В середине прошлого века в СССР функционировала знаменитая школа Ботвинника для молодых талантов. Создал ее секундант и друг чемпиона мира мастер Григорий Гольдберг. Многие из слушателей школы впоследствии стали гроссмейстерами. В ней занимались все три наших последних чемпиона мира — Карпов, Каспаров и Крамник. Хотя Борис Гулько был ассистентом Ботвинника на одной из сессий и вел занятия в аналогичных школах Смыслова и Полугаевского, сам он относился к школе Ботвинника с некоторой иронией. Считал, что все три «К» стали бы шахматными королями и без всяких школ. А вот в жизни Юрия Разуваева, испытывавшего почтение к великому шахматисту, работа с Ботвинником занимала важное место. Правда, истории, связанные со школой, которые он рассказывал Гулько, были скорее юмористическими, чем серьезными. Например, следующая.

Как-то Юра показал Ботвиннику свою оригинальную идею в защите Грюнфельда, ставшую популярной только спустя полтора десятка лет и получившую название венгерского варианта. Ботвинник, который за полгода до этого уступил титул чемпиона Петросяну, упрекнул Разуваева: «Где же вы были раньше? С этим вариантом я бы обыграл Петросяна!».

Как заметил Гулько, это к вопросу о том, чему Ботвинник мог научиться от слушателя школы. А вот чему ребята научились у него, он не сказал. Впрочем, на месте Бориса я бы не тал бы бросать шпильки в адрес Патриарха. Насмешки тут не уместны. Ведь со своей будущей женой Аней Ахшарумовой Гулько познакомился как раз на той самой сессии школы Ботвинника, в работе которой участвовал. Аня была слушательницей школы, любимой ученицей Ботвинника. Перечисляя всех учеников в разных интервью, он всегда первой называл Аню, а уж потом шли Карпов и Каспаров.

В последний раз Гулько встретился с Патриархом в 1992 году в Тилбурге. Ботвинника, который почти не видел, привел на турнир Геннадий Сосонко. «Это Борис Гулько», — сообщил он гостю. «Как же, помню, — отозвался Ботвинник, — он муж Ани Ахшарумовой, моей лучшей ученицы. Как-то в анализе она предложила разменять слона на коня. Это было нечто, ведь слон обычно сильнее коня…». Судя по всему, Ботвиннику нечего было сказать про тонкие позиционные приемы Гулько, но, думаю, Борис не был в обиде: комплименты в адрес жен мы всегда принимаем охотнее, чем в свой собственный… 

218 thoughts on “Шахматные истории

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